Rome is one of the world's great cities. It's the city of the Caesars and la dolce vita, of long sunny days, endless art galleries, churches and museums, of fountain-splashed piazzas and majestic monuments from Rome's Imperial Golden Age. Rome is a city where the ancient buildings, cobbled medieval streets and Renaissance domes set the stage for great wine bars, fabulous dining, sidewalk cafes and incomparable shopping.
One of the oldest continuously occupied cities in Europe, Rome’s history continues over 28 centuries though the mythological founding date is not until 753 BCE by Romulus and Remus. Rome, named for Romulus, acted as the capital of the first kingdom established. The Romans established an oligarch republic in 509 after a period of monarchies, leading to internal conflict between those in power, the patricians, and plebeians (urban lower class). Even with inner discord, the state grew and established provinces throughout Europe and into Africa. Perhaps the most famous Roman leader, Julius Cesar became popular because of his conquest of Gaul. >>